RTGS currency weakens on both interbank and parallel markets
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OFFICIAL data shows that Zimbabwe’s new currency traded at 2.7 against the U.S. dollar on the interbank market on Thursday, its weakest level since the central bank last month removed a peg for its surrogate bond notes and electronic dollars.
Zimbabwe ditched the discredited 1:1 dollar official peg on Feb. 20, and merged the bond notes and electronic dollars into a transitional currency called the RTGS dollar.
The value of that currency had held unchanged at 2.5 to the U.S. dollar since Feb. 22, leading to accusations the central bank was manipulating the exchange rate.
Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) data showed the mid rate was at 2.7 to the dollar on Thursday. Banks are allowed to buy and sell U.S. dollars at 2.5 percent either side of that rate.
Tobacco is Zimbabwe’s second-largest earner of foreign currency after mining and last year brought in more than $800 million.
On the black market, the RTGS rate also slid down a bit, and was trading at 3.8 to the dollar on Thursday. It has been hovering at 3.60 over the past weeks. Dealers at local banks said the central bank was still drip-feeding the market with some dollars, which some saw as an attempt to influence the exchange rate.
Zimbabwe’s economy has been crippled by a cash crunch that has caused shortages of fuel, food and medicine, the latter of which doctors say is crippling public hospitals.